undergraduate thesis
THE LINEAR FUNCTION IN THE ECONOMY BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE FUNCTION OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY

Loida Šerfezi (2016)
Virovitica College
Metadata
TitleLINEARNA FUNKCIJA U EKONOMIJI KROZ PRIMJER FUNKCIJE PONUDE I POTRAŽNJE
AuthorLoida Šerfezi
Mentor(s)Marijana Špoljarić (thesis advisor)
Abstract
U radu je definiran pojam linearne funkcije i njena svojstva - domena, kodomena, nultočke, monotonost, bijektivnost, parnost i derivabilnost. Linearna funkcija povezana je s geometrijskim objektom, odnosno pravcem. Opisani su eksplicitni, implicitni, segmentni i opći oblik jednadžbe pravca, detaljno je objašnjeno na koji način doći do algebarskog izraza jednadžbe pravca ukoliko je zadana točka i koeficijent smjera ili dvije točke kroz koje prolazi pravac. Također, u radu je opisan međusobni položaj dvaju pravaca u koordinatnom sustavu u ravnini. U ekonomiji se koriste funkcijske veze koje opisuju međuzavisnosti ekonomskih veličina, šo znači da će se utjecaj jedne varijable na drugu opisati algebarskim izrazom, odnosno funkcijom. Odnosi između ekonomskih varijabli su pojednostavljeni, ali će pomoću funkcija približno poslužiti opisivanju realnih odnosa. Poveznica linearne funkcije i ekonomije opisana je kroz primjenu funkcija ponude i potražnje. Definirane su funkcija ponude i potražnje, te je određeno njihovo područe definicije (domena), opisani su činitelji utjecaja na ponudu i potražnju, te njihova elastičnost, a definirana je i točka ravnoteže ili ekvilibrij. Teoretski dio rada o linearnoj funkciji, pravcu, funkciji ponude i potražnje potkrepljen je primjerima koji sjedinjuju matematičku funkciju i ekonomsku teoriju. Linearna funkcija se posebno ističe u matematici (i ekonomiji) jer se mnoge ekonomske veličine mogu prikazati pomoću nje.
KeywordsLinear function supply demand equilibrium point
Parallel title (English)THE LINEAR FUNCTION IN THE ECONOMY BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE FUNCTION OF DEMAND AND SUPPLY
GranterVirovitica College
PlaceVirovitica
StateCroatia
Scientific field, discipline, subdisciplineNATURAL SCIENCES
Mathematics
Study programme typeprofessional
Study levelundergraduate
Study programmeEntrepreneurship; specializations in: Entrepreneurship of Services, Rural Entrepreneurship
Study specializationEntrepreneurship of Services
Academic title abbreviationbacc.oec.
Genreundergraduate thesis
Language Croatian
Defense date2016-09-15
Parallel abstract (English)
The paper defines the concept of linear functions and its properties - domain, codomain, zeros, monotony, bijectivity, parity and derivabilnost. The linear function is associated with a geometric object, and direction. Described are explicit, implicit, segmental and general form of the equation direction, is explained in detail how to get to the algebraic expression linear equation if the setpoint and the coefficient of direction or two points through which the line. Also, the article describes the relative position of two lines in the coordinate system in the plane. The economy used functionallinks that describe the interdependence of economic size are means that the impact of one variable on another to describe the algebraic expression or function. Relations between economic variables will be simplified but will serve about using functions describing real relationships. Link linear functions and the economy has been described through the use of function of supply and demand. Defined as a function of supply and demand, and the specific definition of their field (domain), described the factors affecting the supply and demand, and their elasticity, and is defined by the point of balance or equilibrium. The theoretical part of the work of the linear function, the direction, the function of supply and demand is supported by examples that combine mathematical function and economic theory. Linear function stands out in mathematics (and economy) because many economic size can be displayed by using it.
Parallel keywords (Croatian)Linearna funkcija ponuda potražnja ravnotežna točka.
Resource typetext
Access conditionAccess restricted to students and staff of home institution
Terms of usehttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
URN:NBNhttps://urn.nsk.hr/urn:nbn:hr:165:137252
CommitterIvana Vidak